Biedermeier Red Columbine
Aquilegia 'Biedermeier Red'
Biedermeier Red Columbine flowers
(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)
Height: 18 inches
Spread: 10 inches
Hardiness Zone: 2a
Other Names: Granny's Bonnet, Crowfoot
Group/Class: Biedermeier Series
This relatively compact columbine fits in tight spots, perfect for rock gardens; lacy foliage and unique spurred red flowers brigten shady areas
Biedermeier Red Columbine features showy nodding red bell-shaped flowers with white overtones, yellow eyes and rose spurs at the ends of the stems from early to mid summer. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Its ferny compound leaves remain bluish-green in color throughout the season.
Biedermeier Red Columbine is an herbaceous perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.
This is a relatively low maintenance plant, and should be cut back in late fall in preparation for winter. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;
Biedermeier Red Columbine is recommended for the following landscape applications;
- Mass Planting
- Rock/Alpine Gardens
- Border Edging
- General Garden Use
- Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens
- Container Planting
Planting & Growing
Biedermeier Red Columbine will grow to be about 14 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 inches. Its foliage tends to remain dense right to the ground, not requiring facer plants in front. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 5 years. As an herbaceous perennial, this plant will usually die back to the crown each winter, and will regrow from the base each spring. Be careful not to disturb the crown in late winter when it may not be readily seen!
This plant performs well in both full sun and full shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This particular variety is an interspecific hybrid. It can be propagated by division; however, as a cultivated variety, be aware that it may be subject to certain restrictions or prohibitions on propagation.
Biedermeier Red Columbine is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a mass of flowers against which the larger thriller plants stand out. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.