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Osage Orange*

Maclura pomifera

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Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera) at Oakland Nurseries Inc

Osage Orange

Osage Orange

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera) at Oakland Nurseries Inc

Osage Orange fruit

Osage Orange fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

* This is a "special order" plant - contact store for details

Height:  60 feet

Spread:  60 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4a

Other Names:  Hedge Apple, Horse Apple

Description:

A spiny, decidious tree that develops a broad, rounded crown; female trees produce showy lime-green, yellow fruit in fall that may pose a considerable litter problem, so site accordingly; may be maintained as dense hedges or screening

Ornamental Features

Osage Orange has dark green foliage throughout the season. The glossy pointy leaves turn an outstanding yellow in the fall. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. However, the fruit can be messy in the landscape and may require occasional clean-up.

Landscape Attributes

Osage Orange is a dense deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and should only be pruned in summer after the leaves have fully developed, as it may 'bleed' sap if pruned in late winter or early spring. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Messy

Osage Orange is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade

Planting & Growing

Osage Orange will grow to be about 60 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 60 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America.

 

* This is a "special order" plant - contact store for details

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Accent  Shade 
Applications
Fall Color 
Ornamental Features
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