Cole's Prostrate Hemlock
Tsuga canadensis 'Cole's Prostrate'
Cole's Prostrate Hemlock
(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)
Height: 4 feet
Spread: 7 feet
Hardiness Zone: 4a
Other Names: Canadian Hemlock, Eastern Hemlock
A beautiful low growing evergreen garden shrub with dense, cascading branches and a fine textured appearance, excellent for garden detail use; needs organic, acidic soil, adequate moisture and shelter from drying winds
Cole's Prostrate Hemlock has dark green foliage which emerges light green in spring. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant.
Cole's Prostrate Hemlock is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a ground-hugging habit of growth. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone.
This shrub will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;
Cole's Prostrate Hemlock is recommended for the following landscape applications;
- Mass Planting
- Rock/Alpine Gardens
- General Garden Use
- Container Planting
Planting & Growing
Cole's Prostrate Hemlock will grow to be about 4 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 7 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.
This shrub performs well in both full sun and full shade. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selection of a native North American species.
Cole's Prostrate Hemlock makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. Because of its spreading habit of growth, it is ideally suited for use as a 'spiller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the edges where it can spill gracefully over the pot. Note that when grown in a container, it may not perform exactly as indicated on the tag - this is to be expected. Also note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.